Salvador Dali was a famous Spanish artist, writer, sculptor and filmmaker who, along with Giorgio de Chirico, René Magritte, Max Ernst and Pierre Delveaux, is considered the main representative of Surrealism and one of the most important artists of the 20th century.
- Born: 11 May 1904
- Place of birth: Figueras, Spain
- Died on: 23 January 1989
- Nationality: Spanish
- Studied at: Academia San Fernando, Madrid
- Teachers: Juan Núnez Fernández
- Similar artists: Joan Miro
- Era: modern art
- Stylistic direction: Surrealism
In Salvador Dali's diverse oeuvre, which he created from the 1930s onwards, he deals with the mystical, the symbolic and the subconscious. He renders his symbolic motifs in photorealistic detail and old-master technique. Disintegrating clocks, lobster phones, or burning giraffes became the trademark of the Surrealist, who also polarized the art world with his eccentric personality.
Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech was born on May 11, 1904 in Figueres, Catalonia. Already during his school years, his artistic talent in drawing is recognized. His parents arranged for him to take painting classes with the Impressionist painter Ramon Pichot. He began studying art at the Royal Academy of Arts in Madrid, but in 1924 he was forced to leave by royal decree without graduating due to his political statements. At this time his works show influences of Italian Futurism, French Cubism and 17th century Dutch painting.
In Paris he is introduced to the Surrealist circle through the painter Joan Miro. He meets his wife Elena Diakonova, better known as Gala, whom he marries in 1934 and becomes the muse and at the same time obsession of the artist.
In 1929 Dali made the surrealist film "An Andalusian Dog" with Luis Buñuel. The themes of his pictorial works seem to become more and more fantastic. The painter meticulously puts his visions and dream figures on canvas. He finally finds his personal style in the world of the subconscious and deals with the theories of the psychologist Sigmund Freud. With his paintings of melting clocks or burning giraffes, the artist creates for himself an identifying mark that endures to this day.
In the mid-1930s, Dali created the illustration for u Lautréamont's "Chant de Maldoror." He also illustrated "Don Quixote" and designed ballet performances and stage sets.
Due to the Second World War, the artist and his wife were forced to leave Europe. Between 1940 and 1948 they lived in the USA. Here Dali worked on some projects in the fashion industry, wrote his autobiography "The secret life of Salvador Dalí" and his first novel "Hidden Faces".
In the 1950s, the painter turned away from his surrealist style and pursued a representation in the classical style. After his exile, the couple returns to Spain and the painter devotes himself to scientific, mythological and religious themes. In the 1970s, Dali works on three-dimensional artworks and begins to experiment with holographic collages.
In 1964 Salavador Dali is honored by Queen Isabella of Spain with the country's highest order for his life's work. In the 1970s, the Dali Museum is built. In 1979, a major retrospective of Dali's work is held at the Centre Pompidou in Paris. In 1982 he is appointed Marquis de Dalí y Pubol by King Juan Carlos I.
After the death of his beloved wife Gala, the artist retired. In 1989, the Catalan, who was also famous throughout his life for his eccentric and controversial personaltiy, died of heart failure at the age of 84 and was buried in his hometown of Figueres.
- 29.05.21 - 22.11.21 Arcimboldo Face to Face - Centre Pompidou-Metz, Paris.
- 18.12.20 - 25.04.21 Cybernetics of the Poor - Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna.
- 23.10.20 - 07.03.21 Dalí - Freud - Belvedere, Vienna.
- 06.10.20 - 27.11.20 Dreamsongs: From Medicine To Demons To Artificial Intelligence - Colnaghi London.
- 11.09.20 - 31.01.21 Zin Ex. From Abstraction to Algorithm - Tabakalera, San Sebastian.
- 23.10.20 - 07.03.21 Dalí – Freud – Belvedere, Vienna.
- 16.02.20 - 17.05.20 Millet and Modern Art: From Van Gogh to Dalí - Saint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, USA.
- 15.02.20 - 24.05.20 The Tears of Eros. Moesman, Surrealism and the Sexes - Centraal Museum Utrecht.
- 19.10.19 - 23.02.20 Michael Müller. "DEINE KUNST" The Conditions of Being Art (oder der Amateur) Dritte Fassung - Städtische Galerie Wolfsburg.
- 13.10.18 - 10.02.19 Brisante Träume. Die Kunst der Weltausstellung - MARTa Herford.
- 10.10.2018 - 27.01.2019 Modern Couples. Art, Intimacy and the Avantgarde - Barbican Centre, London.
- 13.09.2018 - 20.01.2019 THE MOON. From Inner Worlds to Outer Space - Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk.
- 19.05.2017 - 05.11.2017 Medusa. Bijoux et tabous - Musée d´Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris.
- 18.03.2017 - 28.08.2017 Infinite Garden. From Giverny to Amazonia - Centre Pompidou-Metz.
- 11.02.2017 - 28.05.2017 Mad About Surrealism - Dalí, Ernst, Magritte, Miró... - Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam.
- 07.10.2016 - 22.01.2017 Dalí, Ernst, Miró, Magritte ... - Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg.
- 10.09.2016 - 29.01.2017 Salvador Dalí. Das graphische Werk - Kunsthaus Stade.
- 29.10.2015 - 15.02.2016 MARVELOUS OBJECTS: SURREALIST SCULPTURE FROM PARIS TO NEW YORK - Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington.
- 09.07.2014 - 05.10.2014 Dada and Surrealism. Magritte, Duchamp, Man Ray, Miró, Dalí. - Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest.
- 30.05.2014 - 22.09.2014 Salvador Dalí - Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro.
- 03.11.2013 - 02.03.2014 The Surrealists: Works from the Collection - Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia.
- 27.04.2013 - 02.09.2013 Dalí. All of the poetic suggestions and all of the plastic possibilities - Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid.
- 21.11.2012 - 25.03.2013 Salvador Dalí - Centre Pompidou, Paris.
- 1982: Appointment as „Marqués de Púbol“, Madrid.
- 1982: Gold Medal of the Autonomous Government of Catalonia.
- 1981: Great cross Karls III.
- 1978: Appointment as a foreign honorary member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts, Paris.
- 1973: Appointment as a member of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes di San Fernando, Madrid.
- 1967: Award of the honorary doctorate of the Académie de la Fourrure.
- 1964: Orden de Isabel la Católica.
- Dalí & I. The Surreal Story. feature film by Andrew Niccol, USA 2014.
- Little Ashes, feature film by Paul Morrison, 122min, USA 2009.
- Die geheime Sammlung des Salvador Dalí, fictional documentation by Otto Kelmer, 70min, Deutschland 1992.
- The Soft Self Portrait of Salvador Dali, Documentation by Jean-Christophe Averty, 55min, USA 1970.
- L'Autoportrait mou de Salvador Dalì. Documentation by Jean-Christophe Averty, 70min, France 1966.
- Dalí, Christopher Masters, Berlin 2020.
- Der Schnitt als Denkfigur im Surrealismus: Max Ernst, Man Ray, Luis Buñuel und Salvador Dalí, Sarah Hadda, Bielefeld 2019.
- Dalí, Victoria Charles, New York 2017.
- Dali, Eric Shanes, New York 2017.
- Salvador Dalí: Aus der Sicht seiner Schwester, Ana María Dalí & Alexandra Gajewski, Norderstedt 2017.
- Surrealismus, Nathalia Brodskaïa, New York 2017.
- Dalís Bärte: eine Hommage, Boris Friedewald, Munich 2016.
- Surreale Begegnungen. Dalí, Ernst, Miró, Magritte ..., exhibition catalog, Annabelle Görgen & Hubertus Gassner (Publ.), Munich 2016.
- Dalís 20. Jahrhundert: die westliche Kunst zwischen Politik, Markt und Medien, Gabriel Montua, Berlin, Boston 2015.
- Dalís Medienspiele: Falsche Fährten und paranoische Selbstinszenierungen in den Künsten, Isabel Maurer Queipo & Nanette Rißler-Pipka (Publ.), Bielefeld 2015.
- Salvador Dalí: 1904 - 1989. der Sieg des Irrationalen, Gilles Néret, Cologne 2015.
- Salvador Dalí & Philippe Halsman: das gemeinsame Werk, Anna Feldhaus, Heidelberg, Berlin 2015.
- Les Vins de Gala, Salvador Dali, Paris 1977.
- Unabhängigkeitserklärung der Phantasie und Erklärung der Rechte des Menschen auf seine Verrücktheit, Salvador Dali, Munich 1974.
- Les Dîners de Gala. Draeger, Salvador Dali, Paris 1973.
- Diario De Un Genio, Salvador Dali, Paris 1964.
- Hidden Faces, Salvador Dali, New York 1944
- Métamorphose de Narcisse, Salvador Dali, Paris, New York 1937.
- L’amour et la mémoire, Salvador Dali, Paris 1931.
- La femme visible, Salvador Dali, Paris 1930.
- Das gelbe Manifest, Salvador Dali, 1928.
- Berlin - Neue Nationalgalerie
- Berlin - Dali - Die Ausstellung am Potsdamer Platz
- Essen - Museum Folkwang
- Munich - Pinakothek der Moderne
- Paris - Centre Pompidou
- Lisbon - Museu Berardo
- Moscow - Moscow Museum of Modern Art
- New York - The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
- St. Petersburg - Salvador Dalí Museum
- San Diego - The San Diego Museum of Art